At first glance, it is difficult to see a connection between sleep hormones and type 2 diabetes.
However, new research from the University of Lund in Sweden found that melatonin impaired insulin secretion in certain people.
Melatonin and insulin are both hormones. Insulin regulates blood sugar. Melatonin levels vary throughout the day depending on light levels. The hormone increases at night and helps promote sleep.
"This could explain why the risk of type 2 diabetes is higher among, say, night workers or people with sleep disorders," lead author Hindrik Mulder, MD, PhD, said in a news release.
Dr. Mulder and his team used gene mapping to identify people who have a genetic variant that can be affected by melatonin.
Video credits to dailyRx YouTube channel