Transplanting human stem cells in diabetic mice successfully reversed the disease in research published online before printing on Diabetes.
Here is information about diabetes:
• It is a condition in which the body can not make enough insulin, a hormone necessary for the body to absorb sugar in the blood and use it for energy, which results in high levels of blood sugar
• 346 million people worldwide suffer from the condition
• In 2004, an estimated 3.4 million people died due to the consequences of high blood sugar levels
Researchers at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver implanted human stem cells in mice with diabetes. Stem cells are immature cells that can develop into any number of mature cells, depending on their environment. All the mice had a weakened immune system, which prevented their bodies from rejecting the transplant. Once the transplant was completed, the mice were slowly withdrawn from insulin therapy.
After three to four months, the mice were able to produce their own insulin in response to the needs of their bodies and could even maintain a normal level of blood sugar after eating a large amount of sugar. When the researchers removed the transplanted cells and examined them, they discovered that the cells had many of the characteristics of normal insulin-producing cells.
Today's research demonstrates the potential of stem cell transplantation to cure diabetes, although much more research is needed before the procedure can be tested in humans.
Video credits to insidermedicine YouTube channel