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The 5 main complications of diabetes
List of the 5 main complications of diabetes:
1. Cardiovascular disease
The number 1 complication most likely to affect people with diabetes is cardiovascular disease (the term "cardiovascular" that combines heart disease and stroke). Heart disease is also the leading cause of death in people without diabetes. But people with diabetes should be especially careful and can drastically reduce their risk by keeping their blood glucose (BG) and blood pressure levels under control. The same is true to avoid other complications of diabetes.
2. Diabetic retinopathy
Ocular diabetic disease refers to a group of eye problems that people with diabetes may face as a complication of diabetes. All can cause severe loss of vision or even blindness. Diabetic eye disease may include: Diabetic retinopathy: damage to the blood vessels in the retina. Cataract – cloudiness of the lens of the eye. Cataracts develop at an earlier age in people with diabetes. Glaucoma: increased pressure of the fluid inside the eye that leads to damage of the optic nerve and loss of vision. A person with diabetes is almost twice as likely to get glaucoma as other adults.
3. Kidney disease
High levels of blood sugar seem to cause damage to the glomerulus of the kidney. With high levels of blood sugar, glucose binds to proteins in the kidney over time, causing further damage. When there is a kidney injury, a substance in the kidneys called renin is also activated, which causes additional problems, such as increases in blood pressure. There is a delicate balance between blood pressure and healthy kidneys that should be maintained in patients with diabetes where kidney disease is a very real risk. Blood pressure and cholesterol are important parameters that must be monitored to help prevent or stop the progression of kidney damage.
4. Sexual dysfunction.
For men, this mainly means erectile dysfunction, which can be caused by problems of blood flow or neuropathy. If blood does not flow properly into the area, men will have difficulty getting an erection, even if they feel excited. Neuropathy can also cause the nerves not to "pinch the globe" or contract, to maintain the blood needed to maintain an erection. For women, the problems are usually problems of lubrication, painful sexual intercourse or simply loss of libido. In fact, diabetes can have a profound effect on female sexual function, in which case hormonal creams and lubricants can be saviors. Women with diabetes are also very prone to fungal infections and urinary tract infections, which can cause a lot of discomfort and put a big obstacle in their sex life.
5. Damage to the nerves (neuropathy)
The threat of neuropathy, of course, comes from the damage that a high level of blood sugar can produce throughout the body, including the nervous system. Damage to diabetic nerves, or neuropathy, can be mild. On the other hand, it can lead to amputation or even be fatal. Therefore, it is essential that you understand your neuropathy types and take precautions to prevent this common complication from seriously complicating your life. No one knows for sure how high the blood sugar level is that damages the nerves, but doctors are sure of their symptoms, which depend on which nerves are damaged.
Complications of diabetes, Diabetes, Cardiovascular disease, List of complications of diabetes, Diabetic retinopathy, Kidney disease, Sexual dysfunction, Damage to nerves, neuropathy, health
Video credits to WSI HEALTH YouTube channel