Collaborators: Mariah Rossi and Dr. Emran. Dr. Emran talks about Diabetes, a disease that affects more than 50% of American adults. Diabetes is caused by a high level of sugar in the blood, also called glucose. Sugar is important for many organs of the body, such as the brain, liver and metabolism. There are different types of diabetes: type 1, type 2, gestational diabetes and borderline diabetes. It also talks about treatment options and the importance of controlling blood sugar. The pancreas produces insulin to help metabolize the sugar we ingest in a source of energy for the rest of the body. In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas can not make insulin, so sugar accumulates in the blood and the body never uses it properly. Blood sugar is toxic and can exceed 400 or 500. People with type 1 diabetes are often diagnosed as children or adolescents. People with type 1 diabetes require insulin injections because there are no pills that can produce insulin. One of them is an insulin pump that controls blood sugar levels and administers insulin at the same time. It is very effective and helps people control their blood sugar. Type 2 diabetes is the most common and is found in people who are overweight or obese. Unlike Type 1, the body has insulin, but it is resistant to insulin. This causes a chronic problem since the body can not metabolize the amount of sugar it contains. To control this, people are usually given an oral medication called metformin. It has two purposes: work on the liver and the rest of the body. This is achieved by turning off the liver's ability to produce sugar, called gluconeogenesis. Gluconeogenesis increases blood sugar levels during the night. If people have a high blood sugar level during the day and it increases during the night, the body feels overwhelmed. For the rest of the body, metformin is an insulin sensitizer, which means it makes insulin more efficient in the intestine, muscles, brain and kidneys. Most people just need a medication to treat type 2 diabetes. If metformin does not work, they can switch to another drug that goes to the pancreas or injectable drugs that tend to be a bit more expensive. An important part of type 2 diabetes requires a change in lifestyle, which means that people must control their diet to avoid excessive consumption of sugar. Gestational diabetes occurs in pregnant women. Growing babies love sugar and if a mother eats too much sugar, the baby becomes very large. This can lead to a cesarean since the baby can not be delivered naturally. An endocrinologist can help the mother control her diet so that she is not consuming too much sugar. After the baby is born, the mother will no longer have gestational diabetes, but is 8 times more likely to develop it later. Finally, Borderline Diabetes or Pre-diabetes is a term that many doctors will explain to patients. These people usually have a high blood sugar level, but not enough to be called diabetics or to start taking medications. People with diabetes have a blood sugar level of 126+, therefore, people with a dietary limit usually range between 100 and 125. Sometimes, this is detected after a person has breakfast or lunch because the sugar in your food increases your blood sugar. Some people are diagnosed at a health fair or before employment and have no symptoms. It is best to control blood sugar for months and modify the diet to avoid the need for prescription medications for diabetes. Diabetes can cause serious problems if not treated properly. Because blood sugar is a sweet poison, it damages the body in different ways. It can affect the heart, causing blood clots and strokes. It can damage the nerves and cause neuropathy, which leads to permanent numbness in the hands or feet. This is harmful because people do not realize when they have an infection, splinter or injury and, by the time the infection is detected, they have already eaten the bone. Often, limbs must be amputated and many people will lose toe, foot or leg. People can also suffer from blindness because sugar destroys the retina in the eye. People with diabetes should treat the problem very seriously. There are many ways to handle it. People should regularly monitor their blood sugar levels and consult their doctors. Listen to this episode and provide your comments. Follow Simple Health Radio on: Twitter Instagram Facebook Pinterest Spotify Itunes Spreaker If you think you may have a medical emergency, call 911 immediately. Dr. Emran and Simple Health Radio do not recommend or approve tests, doctors, products, procedures, opinions, consultations or any other specific information that may be mentioned on this website or radio podcast. All images are from Adobe Stock and are subject to copyright laws.
Video credits to Simple Health Radio YouTube channel