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We hear the term "diabetes" and automatically think we know what it is, right? Well, those of us with diabetes probably know that there are 2 or maybe 3 depending on how you want to classify, types of diabetes. Some will call prediabetes a form of diabetes, and I guess that's true, kind of like preschool is something like school.
Then there are type 1 and type 2 diabetes. And do not forget about gestational diabetes. We'll talk briefly about that in the end. In this video, I will try to give you the similarities and differences in each one of them as well as some possible causes.
Diabetes affects approximately 30 million Americans today. That's almost 10% of the population. Diabetes is a disorder of the endocrine system. With diabetes, blood sugar levels remain high because the pancreas can no longer produce enough insulin or the body's cells are resistant to insulin and the pancreas can not keep up. Either way, the level of glucose or sugar in the bloodstream becomes too high and the body can not function properly.
In the USA In the US, 79 million people over 20 have blood glucose levels that are above the normal range, but not high enough to be classified as diabetes. This is known as pre-diabetes. It is also known as glucose intolerance. This type of diabetes is difficult to diagnose because most people with prediabetes usually have no symptoms.
But prediabetes is almost always present before a person develops type 2 diabetes. However, symptomatic, it is difficult to diagnose because most people do not go to a doctor if they do not have symptoms of a disease. Complications normally associated with diabetes, such as heart disease, can begin to develop even when a person has prediabetes.
In general, people who have fasting plasma glucose within the range of 100-125 mg / dl are defined as people who have fasting glucose or impaired prediabetes. Like many diseases, early detection can be very good. Talk to your doctor about pre-diabetes tests.
You may be able to prevent type 2 diabetes
Diabetes type 1
This used to be called juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes. Type 1 diabetes occurs because the insulin-producing cells of the pancreas are actually destroyed by the immune system. Type 1 diabetes is actually considered an autoimmune disease. Its appearance has nothing to do with diet or lifestyle. There is nothing you can do to avoid Type 1, and, at this time, nothing you can do to get rid of it.
Type 1 diabetes commonly begins in people younger than 20, but it can occur at any age.
According to the Mayo Clinic, the most common Type 1 symptoms are:
Enuresis in children who previously did not wet the bed during the night
Unintentional weight loss
Irritability and other mood changes
Fatigue and weakness
In women, a vaginal yeast infection
There is no cure for Type 1 and it can not be reversed.
To determine diabetes, a blood sample will be taken after an overnight fast. A fasting blood sugar level less than 100 is normal.
A fasting blood sugar level of 100 to 125 is considered prediabetes. If it is 126 or more on two separate tests, you have diabetes.
If you are diagnosed with diabetes, your doctor may do other tests to distinguish between type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes, since both conditions often require different treatments.
Type 2 diabetes
According to Web MD, with type 2 diabetes, the body continues to produce insulin, although insulin production by the body can decrease significantly over time. The pancreas does not produce enough insulin or the body can not recognize insulin and use it properly. When there is not enough insulin or insulin is not used as it should be, glucose can not enter the cells of the body to use as energy.
This glucose then accumulates in the blood.
This condition was once known adult onset or non-insulin dependent diabetes. More common in adults, type 2 diabetes increasingly affects children as childhood obesity increases. There is no cure for type 2 diabetes, but you may be able to control it by eating well, exercising, and maintaining a healthy weight. If diet and exercise are not enough to control your blood sugar well, you may also need diabetes medications or insulin therapy.
Video credits to The Diabetes Council YouTube channel