Diabetes mellitus, or simply diabetes, is a group of diseases characterized by high blood glucose levels that result from defects in the body's ability to produce and / or use insulin.
Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in children and young adults, and was previously known as juvenile diabetes. In type 1 diabetes, the body does not produce insulin. Insulin is a hormone that is needed to convert sugar, starches and other foods into energy necessary for daily life. Only 5-10 percent of people with diabetes have this form of the disease. With the help of insulin therapy and other treatments, even young children with type 1 diabetes can learn to control their condition and live a long, healthy and happy life.
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. Millions of Americans have been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, and many more do not know they are at high risk. Some groups have a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes than others. Type 2 diabetes is more common in African Americans, Latinos, Native Americans and Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians and other inhabitants of the Pacific islands, as well as the elderly population.
In type 2 diabetes, either the body does not produce enough insulin or the cells ignore insulin. Insulin is necessary for the body to use glucose for energy. When you eat food, the body breaks down all the sugars and starches into glucose, which is the basic fuel for the cells of the body. Insulin carries blood sugar to the cells. When glucose builds up in the blood instead of entering the cells, it can lead to complications in diabetes.
Diabetes is a disease that affects the whole family, especially when a child is diagnosed. If you are a parent, sibling or other family member, your support and understanding can make a difference. Are you concerned about medical care and costs, or how to manage diabetes at school? We provide information and resources to help each child and each family adapt to life with diabetes.
Eating well-balanced meals is an essential part of taking better care of yourself. Why not make it fun? Every day we present a delicious different recipe for you to try. All of our recipes comply with the ADA Guidelines and can help you adjust to nutrition in your busiest days.
Video credits to Jim Fobair YouTube channel