Dr. John Clark presents the first part of a three-part series on diabetes, a major health problem for the rich of this world.
Diabetes can be classified as type 1 or type 2. In type 1 diabetes, little or no insulin is available as a result of genetic or environmental factors that destroy the cells of the pancreatic gland that is where insulin is produced. Therefore, people with type 2 diabetes should take insulin daily to function and live. Type 1 diabetes accounts for about 5 to 10 percent of the cases diagnosed in the United States. UU And it develops more frequently in children and young adults.
The onset of type 1 diabetes is usually abrupt and is usually accompanied by frequent urination, constant hunger, excessive thrust and unexplained weight loss. Type 2 diabetes, on the other hand, is the most common form of diabetes and accounts for 90 to 95 percent of diagnosed cases. This type of diabetes can develop at any age, even during childhood. In this form of diabetes, the pancreas usually produces enough insulin, but the body can not use it effectively and develops what is known as insulin resistance. To overcome this resistance, the pancreas tries to produce more insulin to facilitate the entry of glucose into the cells of the body. Unfortunately, the production of insulin in the extra time may begin to decrease. The result is the same as it happens for people with type 1 diabetes; blood glucose levels can rise to abnormally high levels.
Lifestyle factors can play an important role in the development of diabetes. In the United States, approximately 85 percent of people with type 2 diabetes are obese at the time of diagnosis. This leads to the coining of the phrase diabesity, to describe the close association between type 2 diabetes and high levels of body fat. In a five-year study of 20,000 men, the risk of type 2 diabetes tripled to a body mass index that exceeded the overweight standards. A similar trend was also observed that links the increase in the body mass index with a higher risk adjusted by age in type 2 diabetes, then a group of 114,000 women who were studied for 14 years. The risk of developing type 2 diabetes also occurs with an increase in waist circumference. In a study of more than 43,000 women, it was found that a difference of 10 inches in the waist circumference in this case, going from a size of 28 inches to a waist of 38 inches, that difference of 10 inches resulted in a 6-fold increase in the risk of developing type 2 diabetes Other evidence indicates that when body weight and abdominal fat are lost, there is less resistance to the effects of insulin and blood glucose levels or they are reduced or return to the normal.
What is the role of physical activity in the treatment of diabetes? When discussing this topic, it is important to recognize that physical activity has been used to treat diabetes for 1000 years. In addition, even after isolating insulin in 1922, exercise was considered along with diet and insulin as an important part of the treatment regimen for diabetes.
Video credits to Healthy Lifestyle Choices YouTube channel