What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a disease that occurs when your blood glucose level, also called blood sugar, is too high. Blood glucose is your main source of energy and comes from the food you eat. Insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, helps glucose from food enter your cells to be used as energy. Sometimes your body does not make enough insulin or insulin, or does not use it well. Glucose stays in the blood and does not reach the cells.
Over time, having too much glucose in the blood can cause health problems. Although diabetes has no cure, you can take steps to control your diabetes and stay healthy.
Sometimes people call diabetes "a touch of sugar" or "diabetes limit." These terms suggest that someone does not really have diabetes or has a less severe case, but each case of diabetes is serious. How common is diabetes?
As of 2015, 30.3 million people in the United States, or 9.4 percent of the population, had diabetes. More than 1 in 4 of them did not know they had the disease. Diabetes affects 1 in 4 people over 65. Approximately 90-95 percent of cases in adults are type 2.1 diabetes
Who is more likely to develop type 2 diabetes?
You are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes if you are 45 or older, have a family history of diabetes, or are overweight. Physical inactivity, race and certain health problems, such as high blood pressure, also affect your chance of developing type 2 diabetes. You are also more likely to develop type 2 diabetes if you have prediabetes or gestational diabetes during pregnancy. Learn more about the risk factors for type 2 diabetes. What health problems can people with diabetes develop?
Over time, high blood glucose leads to problems such as
problems in the feet
Video credits to Priya’s Kitchen YouTube channel