Diabetes is often called the silent killer because of its easy to lose symptoms. Initially it presents few symptoms, which can easily be overlooked.
The research says that one in three people who suffer from it do not even know it. While others do not know that they have diabetes in its initial or even intermediate stages.
If you do not feel well, talk with your doctor about having a simple blood test that can diagnose the disease. And pay attention to these subtle signs and symptoms of diabetes.
1. Frequent urination (polyuria): the kidneys begin to work harder to eliminate excess glucose from the blood. Then, if you notice that you have to urinate more often, this could be a warning signal.
2. Excessive thirst (polydipsia): this symptom is linked to the previous one. As you lose more fluids, the body will try to replace them, hence the constant need to drink.
3. Increased appetite (polyphagia): Due to the high and low extremes in blood sugar levels, the body develops a sudden desire to eat. The cells do not get enough glucose, then you crave it.
4. Dry mouth: Experience a lack of moisture in the mouth, which can be unpleasant and dangerous. Gum diseases are a known complication of diabetes.
5. Unexplained weight loss or weight gain: As insulin can not carry glucose to the cells, the body reacts as if it were starving and begins to use protein from the muscles. On the other hand, a greater consumption of sugary foods can lead to weight gain.
6. Fatigue: Excessive fatigue can develop when the body constantly compensates for the lack of glucose in the cells. It is also not uncommon to feel irritable and in a bad mood.
7. Vision problems: high blood sugar also affects the eyes. Change the shape of the lens and eyes. As a result, your vision becomes blurred. If sugar levels remain high for a prolonged period of time, this can cause permanent damage and even cause loss of sight.
8. Headaches: a headache can develop due to elevated blood sugar levels and is considered an early sign of hyperglycemia (high blood glucose level).
9. Skin changes: Dark, velvety skin, known as achantosis nigricans, can appear on the neck, groin, and armpit. You may also notice other unusual changes in the skin and itching, especially around the vaginal area or groin.
10. Infections, cuts and bruises that do not heal: this classic sign of diabetes is a consequence of damage to blood vessels. Excessive amounts of sugar damage veins and arteries, making them less able to transport blood to where it is needed to repair and heal damage.
11. Fungal infections: Because bacteria and fungi thrive in a sugary environment, infections can become more common.
12. Numbness and tingling in hands and feet: this symptom is the result of nerve damage, neuropathy, which is related to diabetes. Tingling and numbness may be accompanied by burning and swelling.
13. Sexual dysfunction: Diabetes also damages blood vessels and nerves in the sexual organs, which can lead to different sexual problems.
With proper diet, exercise regimen and, if necessary, medication, diabetes can be kept under control, and the person can continue to live a full life.
Video credits to Direct Trend YouTube channel