Diabetes, often referred to by doctors as diabetes mellitus, describes a group of metabolic diseases in which the person has high levels of glucose (blood sugar), either because the production of insulin is inadequate or because the cells of the body do not respond adequately to insulin, or both. Patients with high blood sugar levels will usually experience polyuria (frequent urination), will have increasingly thirst (polydipsia) and hunger (polyphagia).
These are some key points about diabetes. More details and supporting information is in the main article.
Diabetes is a long-term condition that causes high blood sugar levels.
In 2013 it was estimated that more than 382 million people worldwide had diabetes (Williams' textbook on endocrinology).
Type 1 diabetes: the body does not produce insulin. Approximately 10% of all diabetes cases are type 1.
Type 2 diabetes: the body does not produce enough insulin for its proper functioning. Approximately 90% of all diabetes cases worldwide are of this type.
Gestational diabetes: This type affects women during pregnancy.
The most common symptoms of diabetes include frequent urination, intense thirst and hunger, weight gain, unusual weight loss, fatigue, cuts and bruises that do not heal, male sexual dysfunction, numbness and tingling in the hands and feet.
If you have Type 1 and follow a healthy eating plan, exercise properly and take insulin, you can lead a normal life.
Type 2 patients need to eat healthy, be physically active and evaluate their blood glucose. They may also need to take oral medications and / or insulin to control blood glucose levels.
Because the risk of cardiovascular disease is much higher for a diabetic, it is crucial that blood pressure and cholesterol levels be monitored regularly.
Since smoking can have a serious effect on cardiovascular health, diabetics should stop smoking.
Hypoglycemia, a low blood glucose level, can have a bad effect on the patient. Hyperglycemia, when the blood glucose is too high, can also have a negative effect on the patient.
This information center offers detailed but easy-to-follow information about diabetes. If you are interested in the latest scientific research on diabetes, see our news section on diabetes.
There are three types of diabetes:
1) Diabetes type 1
The body does not produce insulin. Some people may refer to this type of insulin-dependent diabetes, juvenile diabetes or early-onset diabetes. People usually develop type 1 diabetes before age 40, often in early adulthood or adolescence.
Type 1 diabetes is not as common as type 2 diabetes. Approximately 10% of all diabetes cases are type 1 diabetes.
Patients with type 1 diabetes will need insulin injections for the rest of their lives. They must also ensure adequate blood glucose levels by performing regular blood tests and following a special diet.
Between 2001 and 2009, the prevalence of type 1 diabetes among those under 20 in the US UU It increased by 23%, according to data from SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth published by the CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). (Link to article)
More information on type 1 diabetes is available on our type 1 diabetes page.
2) Type 2 diabetes
The body does not produce enough insulin for proper functioning, or the body's cells do not react to insulin (insulin resistance).
Approximately 90% of all diabetes cases worldwide are type 2.
Patient with diabetes measuring the level of glucose in the blood
Measurement of blood glucose level
Some people can control their symptoms of type 2 diabetes by losing weight, eating a healthy diet, exercising a lot and controlling their blood glucose levels. However, type 2 diabetes is typically a progressive disease, gradually worsens, and the patient will likely have to take insulin, usually in the form of a tablet.
Overweight and obese people have a much higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes compared to people with a healthy body weight. People with a lot of visceral fat, also known as central obesity, belly fat or abdominal obesity, are especially at risk. Being overweight or obese causes the body to release chemicals that can destabilize the cardiovascular and metabolic systems of the body.
Being overweight, being physically inactive and eating the wrong foods all contribute to our risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Drinking just one can of soda (without diet) per day may increase the risk of developing type 2 diabetes by 22%, researchers reported of Imperial College London in the journal Diabetologia. Scientists believe that the impact of sugary soft drinks on the risk of diabetes can be direct, rather than simply an influence on body weight.
The risk of developing type 2 diabetes is also greater as we get
TREATMENT OF THE DIABETES || SUGAR KA ILAZ || REMEDIES FOR DIABETES TYPE 1 AND TYPE 2
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