SOURCES of video: US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention UU National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases of the United States.
Diabetes refers to any illness in which your blood sugar levels are above normal. These high blood sugar levels can occur for several reasons, and the reasons behind high blood sugar usually help your doctor determine what type of diabetes you have. Ultimately, however, diabetes is usually associated with insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas to regulate glucose or blood sugar levels. When your body does not produce enough insulin, or if you do not use the insulin it produces correctly, the result is diabetes.
Types of diabetes
There are several different types of diabetes. The most common form is type 2 diabetes, which accounts for more than 90 percent of diabetes cases. It used to be called "adult onset diabetes" because it usually develops as an adult. With type 2 diabetes, the body does not use insulin as efficiently as it used to, and the result is a high blood sugar level. Risk factors for type 2 diabetes include family history, ethnic background, old age, obesity and inactivity, among others.
Type 1 diabetes usually begins in childhood and accounts for about 5 percent of all diabetes cases. With type 1 diabetes, the body produces very little or no insulin. It is thought to be more of a genetic or environmental disorder and can not be prevented, as in some cases of type 2 diabetes.
There are also rare forms of diabetes. Some women will develop gestational diabetes during pregnancy. And there are forms of diabetes known as monogenic diabetes, neonatal diabetes mellitus and early onset diabetes in young people that seem to be related to some type of genetic disorder.
Diabetes is the seventh leading cause of death in the United States. Without treatment, it can cause heart disease, blindness, kidney failure and amputations of the lower extremities.
Treatments for diabetes vary, but most require a combination of healthy eating to regulate blood sugar, regular exercise, and medications. People with type 1 diabetes usually need to take some type of insulin on a regular basis to regulate their blood sugar. Medications for type 2 diabetes are not always required, but several forms of medications often help people with type 2 diabetes regulate blood sugar along with good diet and exercise.
I hope you have learned to lower, control or prevent blood sugar.
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Video credits to Elite Health YouTube channel