Descriptions Early warning signs of diabetes:
Diabetes affects 24 million people in the United States, but only 18 million know they have it. About 90% of those people have type 2 diabetes. If you have these symptoms, consult your doctor.
1. Increased urination, excessive thirst
If you need to urinate frequently, especially if you often have to get up at night to use the bathroom, it could be a symptom of diabetes. The kidneys start up quickly to get rid of all that extra glucose in the blood, hence the urge to relieve themselves, sometimes several times during the night. Excessive thirst means your body is trying to replenish lost fluids.
2. weight loss
Too high blood sugar levels can also cause rapid weight loss, say 10 to 20 pounds for two to three months, but this is not a healthy weight loss. Because the insulin hormone is not getting glucose in the cells, where it can be used as energy, the body thinks it is hungry and begins to break down muscle protein as an alternate source of fuel.
Excessive hunger pains, another sign of diabetes, can come from sharp spikes and low blood sugar levels. When blood sugar levels plummet, the body thinks it has not been fed and craves more of the glucose that the cells need to function.
4. itchy skin
Itching skin, perhaps the result of dry skin or poor circulation, can often be a warning sign of diabetes, just like other skin conditions such as acanthosis nigricans. "This is a darkening of the skin around the neck or armpit," says Dr. Collazo-Clavell.
5. Slow healing
Infections, cuts and bruises that do not heal quickly are another classic sign of diabetes. This usually happens because the blood vessels are being damaged by the excessive amounts of glucose that travel the veins and arteries. This makes it difficult for the blood-necessary to facilitate healing-to reach different areas of the body.
6. Fungal infections
"Diabetes is considered to be an immunodepressed state," explains Dr. Collazo-Clavell. That means increased susceptibility to a variety of infections, although the most common are yeast (candida) and other fungal infections, he says. Fungi and bacteria thrive in sugar rich environments.
"When people have high blood sugar levels, depending on how long they've been, they can get accustomed chronically to not feeling well," says Dr. Collazo-Clavell. Sometimes that's what drives them to the office. Getting up to go to the bathroom several times during the night will make someone tired, just like the extra effort your body is spending to make up for your glucose deficiency. And being tired will make you irritable.
8. blurred vision
Having distorted vision and seeing floaters or occasional flashes of light are a direct result of high blood sugar levels. The good news is that this symptom is reversible once blood sugar levels return to normal or almost normal. But let your blood sugar go uncontrolled for long periods and the glucose will cause permanent damage, possibly even blindness. And that is not reversible.
Tingling and numbness in the hands and feet, along with burning pain or inflammation, are signs that nerves are being damaged by diabetes. Still, as with vision, if blood sugar levels are allowed to accelerate for too long, neuropathy (nerve damage) will be permanent. "That's why we try to control our blood sugar as fast and as well as possible," he says.
10. blood test
Several tests are used to detect diabetes, but a single test result alone is never sufficient to diagnose diabetes (the test has to be repeated). One is the fasting plasma glucose test, which checks your blood sugar level after one night (or eight hours) of not eating. Glycemia above 126 milligrams per deciliter (mg / dl) on two occasions means you have diabetes. The normal cut is 99 mg / dL, while a blood sugar level of 100-125 mg / dL is considered prediabetes, a serious condition in itself.
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9 early warning signs of diabetes | Signs and symptoms
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